Divorced. Beheaded. Died. Divorced. Beheaded. Survived.
Yes, in the first six terms of Olivier Award–nominated musical Six, the fate is learned by us of each and every of Henry VIII’s spouses. But simply how much have you figured out about their life?
Writers Toby Marlow and Lucy Moss dug in to the reputation for Tudor England plus the royal court for the words for their pop music opera, and greater historic knowledge means greater admiration regarding the nuances in Marlow and Moss’ writing. Listed below are the CliffsNotes to assist you navigate this chapter in Uk history.
Catherine of Aragon Queen from 1509–1533The “paragon of royalty” had been the very first wife of Henry VIII. A spanish princess, she ended up being the child of Isabelle and Ferdinand, thus the Latin beats and Spanish trumpets in her Six solo “No Way.” Catherine first married Arthur (Henry’s older bro and heir obvious to your English throne) in 1501 whenever she ended up being 15. But five months after their wedding, Arthur ukrainian women for sale passed away. Arthur’s daddy almost had to get back her dowry, however a King would not spend money—or European alliances. He married her off to his more youthful son, Henry VIII, in 1509, though Henry ended up being 5 years her junior. She faithfully served England, ruling as regent in 1513 when Henry ended up being away in France. Nevertheless when she didn’t produce a male heir, things got complicated. Along with her pregnancy that is fifth provided delivery to Mary (the long run Mary we of England), but Henry became preoccupied with siring a child. He became convinced that their wedding to their brother’s widow ended up being cursed by Jesus, or, as Catherine sings, “You state it is a shame ‘cause quoting Leviticus ‘I’ll find yourself kidiless all my life.’”
It’s commonly believed he utilized the Bible as a justification to divorce the princess that is spanish a want to marry her woman in waiting, Anne Boleyn. Catherine had been furious he cast her apart; she had tolerated their affairs (“I’ve never destroyed control in spite of how often times I knew you lied”) as any Queen had been anticipated. more over, Catherine maintained that she had never ever consummated her wedding to Arthur—so that’s the wedding that has been null. Complicated, we all know. Because the track recommends, Catherine refused an annulment, claiming until her death that she ended up being the rightful Queen. Catherine ended up being delivered to a” that is“nun-ry ultimately relocated to The greater amount of Castle. She passed away in 1536 in the chronilogical age of 50, nevertheless keeping she had been the sole genuine spouse of Henry VIII.
Anne Boleyn Queen from 1533–1536Though affairs between your King and their Queen’s women in waiting were common and anticipated, no body expected him to go out of Catherine to wed Anne—the sis of his mistress that is former that. Anne spent my youth during the court regarding the Queen of France before going back house to England to participate the court that is royal.
Anne Boleyn is usually depicted while the wife that is devious presumably plotting to dethrone Catherine—unsatisfied to be merely a mistress, “some woman in a threesome.” Henry and Anne married in key January 25, 1533; they got the Archbishop to declare Henry’s wedding to Catherine null and their brand new wedding to Anne valid—thus breaking through the Catholic Church and starting the Church of England. Anne ended up being crowned queen June 1, 1533; she quickly provided delivery to a lady, the long run Elizabeth we. But after three miscarriages, Henry took a mistress that is new Jane Seymour. Needing a real solution to rid himself of Anne, Henry advertised that Anne had bewitched him while he ended up being hitched to Catherine. Anne maybe flirted with a few men “just to produce him jel,” but that merely resulted in accusations of adultery and incest. She had been beheaded during the Tower of London may 15, 1536, at age 35.
Fun reality: Historians think Henry VIII published “Greensleeves” for Anne Boleyn, who he had been wanting to woo. Thus, the techno remix of “Greensleeves” in “Ex-Wives.”
Jane Seymour Queen from 1536–1537Just as Anne Boleyn overtook the lady she served, Jane Seymour was a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne, after serving Queen Catherine. Henry VIII became betrothed to Jane one after Anne’s execution day. Jane offered birth to a son, Edward, in 1537 and died two weeks later of postnatal complications october. Jane is oftentimes regarded as the favourite, as she actually is the actual only real wife Henry openly mourned plus the just one to get a queen’s funeral, and that’s why her song in Six is considered the most such as for instance a energy ballad—even if it she sings that “without my son your love could disappear.” Henry VIII had been sooner or later hidden beside her at Windsor Castle.
Anne of Cleves Queen from January 1540–July 1540Anne of Cleves lasted just sixth months as Queen, but she kept her mind. Musician Hans Holbein younger went along to Germany to paint Anne along with her sis, as Henry VIII considered which may be their fourth spouse. (We read about these travels in “Haus of Holbein.”)
However when Anne arrived after her portrait, Henry felt she “didn’t did look that is n’t her profile image.” She revealed a lack that is general of, “sippin’ on mead and I also spill it back at my dress,” which additionally displeased the royal. Essentially, the master made excuses for their displeasure her, saying there was no way she was a virgin when they wed with her and found another excuse to be rid of. Provided an annulment, Anne stayed in benefit using the King and sometimes checked out court throughout the reigns regarding the last two queens. She passed away in 1557.
Catherine Howard Queen from 1540–1541Catherine, better called Kitty, ended up being very very very long the thing of intimate attention as recommended in “All You Wanna Do.” She had been molested by her music instructor, Henry Mannox, as he had been 36 ( maybe maybe maybe not 23 as Six states) and she 13. At 15, she relocated along with her grandmother, “the dowager Duchess,” and became enthusiasts with “sexy secretary” Francis Dereham—an event that will visited haunt her later on. Her grandmother discovered the affair and sent her into the Tudor court.
Like her relative, Anne Boleyn, she served as being a lady-in-waiting however in the court of Anne of Cleves. The master ended up being 49 years of age as he married the 16-year-old. However the gossips at court—some of who had witnessed Dereham—quickly spread word to her behavior that Catherine had been committing adultery behind Henry’s straight straight straight back with Henry’s courtier Thomas Culpeper. Culpepper, Dereham, and Catherine had been all performed (Dereham had been drawn and quartered). Catherine, beheaded February 13, 1542, had been buried in a grave that is unmarked.
Catherine Parr Queen from 1543-1547The wife that is final of VIII lived in constant concern about her very own execution. Ahead of her wedding to King Henry VIII, she had two previous husbands and was widowed both in instances. She had dropped in deep love with Thomas Seymour (Jane’s bro) before she caught the optical attention associated with King. Plus in “I Don’t Need Your Love,” she pleads with Thomas to keep her alone to truly save them both through the King’s wrath and particular death.
Because of the right time she wed Henry, he had been 52 plus in sick wellness.
Catherine ingratiated herself to your master by becoming a mom to their three young ones: Catherine of Aragon’s Mary, Anne Boleyn’s Elizabeth, and Jane Seymour’s Edward. She actually is the person who restored Mary and Elizabeth’s royal standing therefore that they’d can be found in the type of succession.
During her reign, Catherine ended up being the very first queen of England and Ireland; she had been additionally the queen most abundant in diplomatic influence since Catherine of Aragon, as she served as regent whenever Henry traveled to France once again. Catherine had been an advocate of reformation within the Church, Protestantism. In reality, she published publications on prayer inside her name—and that is own was very first Queen of England to take action. So that it’s correct that she “fought for feminine education.” Before Henry VIII passed away January 28, 1547, he instructed that she be respected whilst the Queen of England even with their death—which is what took place. She stepped down through the throne when Prince Edward, Jane Seymour’s son, ended up being willing to ascend in 1547. This time around, she ended up being the main one to re-marry, to gentleman associated with court Thomas Seymour. She passed away September 5, 1548.